Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology, Columbia University

Committee on Global Thought, Columbia University

Selected Articles & Book Chapters


"Embedded borderings: making new geographies of centrality", Territory, Politics, Governance, March 2017.

"Predatory Formations Dressed in Wall Street Suits and Algorithmic Math", Science, Technology & Society, February 2017.

"'One of the most culturally diverse cities in the UK': Saskia Sassen on Manchester", City Metric, June 2017.

"A Third Space: Neither Fully Urban nor Fully of the Biosphere", Climates: Architecture and the Planetary Imaginary, May 2017.

"Home economics: Book Review on Jane Jacobs Biographies", The Times Literary Supplement, March 2017.

"Why The Paris Attacks May Signal A Shift In Extremist Violence", Huffington Post, January 2017.

"Is Rohingya persecution caused by business interests rather than religion?", The Guardian, January 2017.

"Land Grabs Are Partly To Blame For Skyrocketing Violence In Central America?", Huffington Post, January 2017.


"A Massive Loss of Habitat: New Drivers for Migration", 2016.

"Expulsions: Brutality and Complexity in the Global Economy: Book Symposium", Spring 2016.

"The Global City: Enabling Economic Intermediation and Bearing Its Costs", City & Community, 2016.

"Economic Cleansing: Failure Dressed in Fine Clothes", social research, Fall 2016.

"Die Reichen möchten in der Stadt nicht belästigt warden (The Rich do not want to be bothered in the city)", Süddeutsche Zeitung, June 2016.

"How Jane Jacobs changed the way we look at cities", The Guardian, May 2016.


"Who owns our cities – and why this urban takeover should concern us all", The Guardian, November 2015.

"Rise of the niche global city", The Straits Times (as part of SG+50: Future Trends 2065 series), September 2015.

"Shrinking economies, growing expulsions. We need Greece's Syriza", Open Democracy, January 2015.

"Wir brauchen starke Städte! (We need strong cities!)", Die Zeit, January 2015.

"A Monster Crawls into the City: an urban fairytale by Saskia Sassen", The Guardian, December 2015.


"The Active Making of Two Foundationally Unequal Subjects: Liberal Democracy’s Achilles Heel?", Part 6. Interrogating Democracy in World Politics, 2014.

"Finance as Capability: Good, Bad, Dangerous", Arcade: A Digital Salon, 2014.

"Expulsions: Brutality and Complexity in the Global Economy", globus et locus, 2014.

"Nomadic Territories and Times", 2014.

"Carving Up The City", Upfront - India Today, December 1, 2014.

"Urban Legends", Vision, November, 2014.

"Who Owns The City?", Governing Urban Future, November, 2014.

"These Charts Show Growing Numbers of People Being Excluded From the Economy", Huffington Post, November 11, 2014.

"La Face Cachée De La Mondialisation", le1hebdo, October 22, 2014.

"The Vultures of Wall Street", Boston Review, October 2, 2014.

"The EU-US free trade agreement (TTIP): giving rights to firms, taking jobs from modest communities", Open Democracy, September 24, 2014.

"There was truth in what the independence sectors objected to", Verfassungs Blog, September 19, 2014.

"A Short History of Vultures - Long before Argentina's default, there was Elliott versus Panama.", Foreign Policy, August 3, 2014.

"The Language of Expulsion", Truthout, July 30, 2014.

"What all is getting expelled...and once expelled is invisible", Saskia Sassen, Open Democracy, June 26, 2014.

"Countdown to oblivion: The real reason we can�t stop global warming", Salon, May 18, 2014.

"Destroying neighborhoods / Buying pieces of city land: Two faces of the same deep logic?", Saskia Sassen, Urban Controversies, February 3, 2014.

"Locked Out", Saskia Sassen, RSA Journal, Issue 1, January 2014.


"Land Grabs Today: Feeding the Disassembling of National Territory", Globalizations (10:1), February 2013.

"Expelled: Humans in Capitalism's Deepening Crisis", American Sociological Association (Vol 19 No 2), 2013.

"Visible Formalizations and Formally Invisible Facticities", Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2013.

"The Middle Classes", Juncture, Volune 20, Issue 2, 2013.

"Does the City Have Speech?", Urban Challenges: Essay, 2013.

"Before Method: Analytic Tactics to Decipher the Global�An Argument and Its Responses, Part I", The Pluralist, Volume 8, Number 3, Fall 2013.

"Open Sourcing The Neighborhood", Forbes, November 10, 2013.

"Ephemeral Kingdoms, Eternal Cities", The European, November 3, 2013.

"The Incomplete City Strikes Back", DAMN°39 magazine, October 13, 2013.

"Does a sensored city mean a censored city?", BBC, August 18, 2013.

"Migration is expulsion by another name in world of foreign land deals", the guardian, May 29, 2013.

"Novel Spatial Formats For Urban Inclusion", books &, May 3, 2012.

"The End of Power: From Boardrooms to Battlefields and Churches to States, Why Being in Charge Isn't What It Used to Be", Reviewed by Saskia Sassen, Americas Quarterly, Spring 2013.

"Drones over there, total surveillance over here", Aljazeera, February 19, 2013.

"Land Grabs Today: Feeding the Disassembling of National Territory", Globalizations, Volume 10, Issue 1, February 15, 2013.

"When Territory Deborders Territoriality", Territory, Politics, Governance, January, 2013.


"Expanding the Terrain for Global Capital, When Local Housing Becomes an Electronic Instrument", Subprime Cities: The Political Economy of Mortgage Markets, First Edition, 2012.

"The return of primitive accumulation", The Global 1989: Continuity and Change in World Politics, Cambridge University Press, 2010 & 2012.

"Occupying is not the same as demonstrating...", article by Saskia Sassen, 2012.

"Urbanising technology", The Electric City Newspaper, December, 2012.

"A Focus on Cities Takes Us Beyond Existing Governance Frameworks", Protection without Protectionism Stiglitz and Kaldor, November 29, 2012.

"Cities instead of states", The European, October 23, 2012.

"A global backdrop", Columbia Spectator, October 9, 2012.

"A Human Rights Court Gives Torture the Green Light", Jeanne Theoharis & Saskia Sassen, The Nation, September 26, 2012.

"The Future of the City : Urban Capabilities: An Essay on Our Challenges and Differences", Journal of International Affairs - Columbia SIPA, Vol. 65, No. 2, Page 85, Spring/Summer 2012.

"Global Finance and Its Institutional Spaces", Saskia Sassen, May 17, 2012.

"Novel Spatial Formats For Urban Inclusion. Megaregions and Global Cities", Books & Ideas, May 3, 2012.

"Minimalistisches Facebook: Das Social-Networking-Portal innerhalb größerer Ökologien", Deutschlandfunk, March 13, 2012

"Faculty to Bloomberg: Tell Your Police Chief to Go", with Jeanne Theoharis, The Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2012

"Inequality? We Need a New Word", The Wall Street Journal, February 10, 2012

"Cities and the Biosphere", Berkshire Publishing, 2012.

"When the center no longer holds: Cities as frontier zones", 2012.

"Urban Capabilities: An Essay on Our Challenges and Differences", Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 65, No. 2, Spring/Summer 2012.

"Borders, Walls, and Crumbling Sovereignty", Political Theory, 2012.

"Interactions of the Technical and the Social, Information, Communication & Society", Information, Communication & Society, vol. 15(4): 455-478.

"Interactions of the Technical and the Social, Digital formations of the powerful and the powerless", Information, Communication & Society, pp. 1-24, 2012.

"Expanding the Terrain for Global Capital, When Local Housing Becomes an Electronic Instrument", Subprime Cities: The Political Economy of Mortgage Markets, First Edition, 2012.


Strategic Geographies: Challenge of their Visualization.

Mori Foundation, Tokyo. Global Cities Power Index

"The Global Street Comes to Wall Street", Possible Futures, November 22, 2011

"The Global Street: Making the Political", Globalizations, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 565-571, November 18, 2011.

"Strategic Geographies - Challenge of Their Visualization", Black Sunrise, October 14, 2011

"The Global Street", The Huffington Post, October 3, 2011

"Why Did Britain's Riot Happen Now?", Newsweek, August 15, 2011

"Els vidres trencats de Cameron", Ara.Cat, August 14, 2011

"On Cameron's Broken Windows", The New York Times, August 10, 2011

"Global Challenges and the City", arena, September 2011

"Open Source Urbanism", Domus, June 29, 2011

"The City: Today's Frontier Zone", Science, Technology & Society, May 2011.

"Il mondo salvato dale metropoli del future", la Repubblica, April 4, 2011

"Delegating, not returning, to the biosphere: How to use multi-scalar and ecological properties of cities", March 27, 2011

"Black and White Photography as Theorizing: Seeing What the Eye Cannot See", Sociological Forum, Vol. 26, No. 2, March 18, 2011

"Mégarégions et villes globales", idé, March 2, 2011.

"Die Macht des Digitalen: Ambivalenzen des Internet", Bl�tter f�r deutsche und internationale Politik, February, 2011

"Die Rolle der neuen Technologien", Bl�tter f�r deutsche und internationale Politik, February, 2011


"When the City Itself Becomes a Technology of War", Theory, Culture & Society, 2010

"L'Emergence D'une Nouvelle Geographie Transnationale" Le Monde Hors Serie, 2010

"The Global Inside the National: A Research Agenda for Sociology", Sociopedia.isa, 2010

"The City: Its Return as a Lens for Social Theory", City, Culture and Society, 2010 1:3-10

"A Savage Sorting of Winners and Losers: Contemporary Versions of Primitive Accumulation," Globalizations, 7: 1, 23 - 50

"De ciudadanos a meros sobrantes", Clarí, June 16, 2010.

"Cities are at the center of our environmental future," S.A.P.I.EN.S, Vol 2, Issue 3, April 7, 2010.

"Global inter-city networks and commodity chains: any intersections?", Global Networks 10, 1 (2010) 150-63.


"Strategic Gendering as Capability: One Lens into the Complexity of Powerlessness", Strategic Gendering as Capability, 2009.

"The Other Workers in the Advanced Corporate Economy", S&F Online, 2009.

"Incompleteness and the Possibility of Making: Towards Denationalized Citizenship?", Political Power and Social Theory, Volume 20, 229-258, 2009.

"Cities Today: A New Frontier for Major Developments," ANNALS, AAPSS, 626, November 2009.

"Membership and Its Politics: When the outsider expands the formal rights of citizens", Dossier, October 2009.

"Bordering Capabilities Versus Borders: Implications for National Borders", Michigan Journal of International Law June 29, 2009.

"The new executive politics: a democratic challenge", openDemocracy, June 26, 2009.

"Looming Disaster and Endless Opportunity: Our World's Megacities," Megacities No. 2, 2009.

[with Carlo Ratti] "Le megacittà iperconnesse", May 3, 2009.

"Sociologue Globale," Le Monde, March 27 2009.

"The Specialised Differences of Cities Matter in Today's Global Economy," in Reforming the City: Responses to the Global Financial Crisis, Sam Whimster (ed.), Erf at London Metropolitan University: 2009.


"Unsettling Master Categories: Notes on Studying the Global in C. W. Mills� Footsteps", Springer Science + Business Media, August 13, 2008.

"Analytic Borderlands: Economy and Culture in the Global City", A Companion to the City, Chapter 15, April 15, 2008.

"Actores y espacios laborales de la globalización", Papeles, 2008.

"Cities in Today's Global Age: An exploration of the new economic role of cities and the networks they form in an increasingly global world" in Connecting Cities: Networks (A Research Publication of the 9th World Congress of Metropolis), Metropolis Congress: 2008.

"Global Cities and Survival Circuits", in Globalization: The Transformation of Social Worlds (2nd Ed.), eds. D. Stanley Eitzen and Maxine Baca Zinn. Florence, KY: Wadsworth Publishing. 2008 (1st ed. 2005).

"Mortgage Capital and its Particularities: A New Frontier for Global Finance." Journal of International Affairs, vol. 62(1): 187-212.

"Two Stops in Today's New Global Geographies: Shaping Novel Labor Supplies and Employment Regimes," American Behavioral Scientist, vol.52, no.3: 457-496.

"Challenges Facing Global Cities in the 21st Century," International Herald Tribune

"Re-Assembling the Urban." Urban Geography, vol. 29(2): 113-126.

"Neither Global nor National: Novel Assemblages of Territory, Authority, and Rights," Ethics & Global Politics, vol. 1(1-2).


"Response [to Benhabib]", European Journal of Political Theory, vol.6(4): 431-444.

"Electronic networks, power and democracy" pp.339-361 in The Oxford Handbook of Information and Communications Technologies Robin Mansell, Chrisanthi Avgerou, Danny Quah and Roger Silverstone (eds.), Oxford University Press: 2007.

"L'émergence d'une multiplication d'assemblages de territoire, d'autorités et de droits" in Les Sciences sociales en mutation Michel Wieviorka (ed.). Paris: Auxerre, Editions Sciences Humaines: 2007.


"Built Complexity and Public Engagements", Making Public Buildings, 2006.

"Europe�s Migrations", Third Text, Vol.20, Issue 6, November 2006.

"Why Cities Matter," in: Cities. Architecture and Society, exhibition catalogue of the 10. Architecture Biennale Venice, Marsilio, Venice 2006, p. 26-51.

"Making Public Interventions in Today's Massive Cities." Static, London Consortium.

"Urban Sociology in the 21st Century," pp. 476-486 in 21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook, Clifton D. Bryant and Dennis L. Peck (eds.), Sage: 2006.

"Cities in a World Economy." In The Globalization and Development Reader: Perspectives on Development and Global Change, eds. J. Timmons Roberts and Amy Bellone Hite. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 2006.

"Built Complexity and Public Engagements." In David Adjaye: Making Public Buildings: Specificity, Customization, Imbrication, Peter Allison (ed.).London: Thames & Hudson. 2006.

"Commentary". In Dialogues on Migration Policy, eds. Marco Giugni and Florence Passy. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. 2006.

"Scale and Span in a Global Digital World." In Architecture and Design in Europe and America, 1750-2000, eds. Abigail Harrison-Moore and Dorothy Rowe. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 2006.

"Scale and Span in a Global Digital World." In Architecture and Design in Europe and America, 1750-2000, eds. Abigail Harrison-Moore and Dorothy Rowe. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 2006.

"A Global City", in A Companion to the Anthropology of Politics, eds. David Nugent and Joan Vincent. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 2006.

"The Embeddedness of Electronic Markets: The case of global capital markets". In The Sociology of Financial Markets, eds. Karin Knorr Cetina and Alex Preda. New York: Oxford University Press. 2006.

"Theoretical and Empirical Elements in the Study of Globalization." In Inclusion and Exclusion in the Global Arena, ed. Max Kirsch. New York: Routledge. 2006.


"The Repositioning of Citizenship and Alienage: Emergent Subjects and Spaces for Politics." Globalizations, vol. 2(1): 79-94.

"Regulating Immigration in a Global Age: A New Policy Landscape." Parallax, vol.11(1): 35-45.

"When National Territory is Home to the Global: Old Borders to Novel Borderings." New Political Economy, vol. 10(4).

"Digging the penumbra of master categories." British Journal of Sociology, vol. 56(3).

"The Global City: Introducing a Concept." Brown Journal of World Affairs, vol. 11(2): 27-43.

"The Ecology of Global Economic Power: Changing Investment Practices to Promote Environmental Sustainability." Journal of Foreign Affairs, Spring 2005, Vol. 58(2).

[with Tim May, Beth Perry, Patrick Le Gales, and Mike Savage] "The Future of Urban Sociology." Sociology: the Journal of the British Sociological Association, Vol.39(2).

"The City: Its Return as a Lens for Social Theory", pp. 457-470 in The Sage Handbook of Sociology Craig Calhoun, Chris Rojek and Bryan Turner (eds.), Sage: 2005.

"The Global City: Strategic Site, New Frontier", in Managing Urban Frontiers: Sustainability and Urban Growth in Developing Countries, eds. Marco Kainer, Martina Koll-Schretzenmayr, and Willy A. Schmind. Burlington, VT: Ashgate. 2005.

"Reading the City in a Global Digital Age," in Future City, eds. Stephen Read, Jürgen Rosemann and Job van Eldijk. London: Spon Press. 2005


"Local Actors in Global Politics." Current Sociology, Vol. 52(4)

"Going Beyond the National State in the USA: The Politics of Minoritized Groups in Global Cities." Diogenes, vol.51(3).

"Electronic Markets and Activist Networks: The Weight of Social Logics in Digital Formations." 2004. Digital Formations: New Architectures for Global Order. Eds. Robert Lantham and Saskia Sassen. Princeton University Press.

"The City: Localizations of the Global", in Perspecta 36: "Juxtapositions": The Yale School of Architecture Journal, eds. Macky McCleary and Jennifer Silbert. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. February 2004.

"Globalization After September 11" in The Anthropology of Development and Globalization: From Classical Political Economy to Contemporary Neoliberalism, eds. Marc Edelman and Angelique Haugerud. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 2004.

"Beyond Sovereignty: de facto transnationalism in immigration policy", in Worlds on the Move: Globalisation, Migration and Cultural Security, eds. Jonathan Friedman and Shalini Randeria. London: I.B. Tauris Publishers. 2004.

"De-nationalized state agendas and privatized norm-making", in Public Governance in the Age of Globalization, ed. Karl-Heinz Ladeur. Burlington, VT: Ashgate. 2004

"The formation of intercity geographies of centrality", in Shanghai: Architecture & Urbanism for Modern China, eds. Peter G. Rowe and Seng Kuan. Munich: Prestel. 2004.

"Global Cities and Survival Circuits", in Global Woman: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy, eds. Barabara Ehrenreich and Russell Hochschild. New York: Holt Paperbacks. 2004.

"A Global City", in Global Chicago, ed. Charles Madigan. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press. 2004.

"The locational and institutional embeddedness of electronic markets: the case of the global capital markets", in Markets in Historical Context: Ideas and Politics in the Modern World, eds. Mark Bevir and Frank Trentmann. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2004.

"Sited Materials with a Global Span", in Society Online: The Internet in Context, eds. Philip N. Howard and Steve Jones. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 2004.


"The new lords of Africa", Peacework pg. 20, September 2003

"The Participation of States and Citizens in Global Governance." Symposium - Globalization and Governance: The Prospects for Democracy. Indiana Journal of Legal Studies, vol. 10, no. 5, iss.1

"Globalization or Denationalization". Review of International Political Economy 10(1) Feb.: 1-22

"The State and Globalization". Interventions: The International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, vol. 5(2): 241-248.

"The Repositioning of Citizenship", Project Muse, 2003.

"Towards post-national and denationalized citizenship", in Handbook of Citizenship Studies, eds. Engin F. Isin and Bryan S. Turner. New York: Sage. 2003.

"Reading the City in a Global Digital Age: Between Topographic Representation and Spatialized Power Projects", in Global Cities: Cinema, Architecture, and Urbanism in a Digital Age, eds. Linda Krause and Patrice Petro. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. 2003.

"Strategic Instantiations of Gendering in the Global Economy", in Gender and U.S. Immigration: Contemporary Trends, ed. Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 2003.


"Towards a Sociology of Information Technology". Current Sociology, vol. 50(3): 365-388.

"Locating Cities on Global Circuits". Environment & Urbanization, vol.14(1)

"Governance Hotspots: Challenges We Must Confront in the Post-September 11 World". Theory, Culture & Society, vol.19(4): 233-244.

"Global Cities and Diasporic Networks: Microsites in Global Civil Society". Global Civil Society 2002. Edited by Helmut Anheier et. al. Oxford University Press.

"Deconstructing Labor Demand in Today's Advanced Economies: Implications for Low-Wage Employment", in Laboring Below the Line: Ethnography of Poverty, Low-Wage Work, and Survival in the Global Economy, ed. Frank Munger. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. 2002.

"Counter-geographies of globalization: Feminisation of survival", in Feminist Post-Development Thought: Rethinking Modernity, Post-Colonialism and Representation, ed. Kriemild Saunders. London: Zed Books. 2002.

"Globalization and the formation of claims", in Globalization at the Margins, eds. Richard Grant and John R. Short. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002.

"Governance Hotspots: Challenges we must confront in the post-September 11 world", in Understanding September 11, ed. Craig Calhoun. New York: New Press. 2002.

"Mediating Practices: Women with/in Cyberspace", in Living with Cyberspace: Technology and Society in the 21st Century, eds. John Armitage and Joanne Roberts. New York: Continuum. 2002.

"A New Cross-Border Field for Public and Private Actors", in Political Space: Frontiers of Change and Governance in a Globalizing World. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. 2002.


"The City: Between Topographic Representation and Spatialized Power Projects." Art Journal, vol. 60(2): 12-20.

"Global Cities and Developmentalist States: How to Derail What Could Be an Interesting Debate: A Response to Hill and Kim." Urban Studies, Vol.38(13): 2537-2540.

"Impacts of Information Technologies on Urban Economies and Politics." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol.25(2).

"Cities in the Global Economy", in Handbook of Urban Studies, ed. Ronan Paddison. New York: Sage. 2001.


"Digital Networks and the State: Some Governance Questions." Theory, Culture & Society, vol.17(4): 19-33.

"Women's Burden: Counter-Geographies of Globalization and the Feminization of Survival." Journal of International Affairs, vol.53(2), Spring 2000.

"Territory and Territoriality in the Global Economy." International Sociology, vol.15(2): 372-393.

"Regulating Immigration in a Global Age: A New Policy Landscape". The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol.570, July 2000.

"Excavating Power: In Search of Frontier Zones and New Actors". Theory, Culture & Society, vol. 17(1): 163-170.

"New frontiers facing urban sociology at the Millennium". British Journal of Sociology, vol. 51(1):143-159.

"The State and Economic Globalization: Any Implications for International Law" Chicago Journal of International Law, Spring 2000, vol. 1(1).

"The Demise of Pax Americana and the emergence of informalization as a systematic trend", in Informalization: Process and Structure, eds. Faruk Tabak and Michaeline A. Crichlow. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2000.

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